OWFS (1-Wire)

Universal Controller provides native support of 1-Wire technology for OWFS physical interfaces (PHIs). Core support is provided with OWFS.

For the simple setups, when 1-Wire bus is connected via system GPIO, PHIs can access it directly. But when 1-Wire is accessed via I2C, USB or other external bus, OWFS is preferred.

EVA ICS provides additional functionality for OWFS, such as bus locking, automatic retry attempts, virtual ports for drivers etc.

Defining OWFS bus

Before using any OWFS PHI, you must define OWFS bus. OWFS PHIs work with defined buses only, while UC handles all hardware calls and responses.

List of the defined OWFS buses be obtained with command:

eva uc owfs list

To define new OWFS bus, execute the following command:

eva uc owfs create [-h] [-l] [-t SEC] [-r RETRIES] [-d SEC] [-y] ID LOCATION

where:

  • -l lock bus on operations, which means to wait while OWFS bus is used by another controller thread (driver command)
  • -t SEC operations timeout (in seconds, default: default timeout)
  • -r RETRIES retry attempts for each operation (default: no retries)
  • -d SEC delay between operations (default: 50ms)
  • -y save OWFS config after creation
  • ID bus ID which will be used later in PHI configurations
  • LOCATION OWFS location

OWFS location should contain the configuration of OWFS port. Actually it’s equal to standard OWFS params, except first are not required:

# defines owfs bus on I2C#1
eva uc owfs create local1 "i2c=/dev/i2c-1:ALL" -y
# defines owfs bus on I2C#0 (force)
eva uc owfs create local2 "/dev/i2c-0 --w1" -y
# define owfs bus on local owserver
eva uc owfs create local3 localhost:4304 -y

As soon as the bus is defined, it can be used by PHI.

eva uc owfs scan local1 -a PIO
# 05.4AEC29CDBAAB  DS2405
eva uc phi load relay1 ow_ds2405 -c owfs=local1,path=05.4AEC29CDBAAB -y

As the result, controller creates a driver relay.default which can be set to item.

Warning

UC will grant OWFS bus access to PHI only if it has enough timeout to wait for the longest possible call. It means operation timeout (action_timeout, update_timeout) in item should be greater than owfs_bus_timeout*(1+owfs_bus_retries). If the command max timeout is less than this value, attempts to access OWFS bus return an error.

If you need to change OWFS bus params or options, you can always define new OWFS bus with the same ID, without deleting the previous one. Bus configuration and options will be overwritten.

Scanning OWFS for devices

With scan command you can scan OWFS bus for the devices which have e.g. specified attributes:

eva uc owfs scan <ID> [options]
# e.g. let's find all 1-Wire equipment which has "temperature" property:
eva uc owfs scan local1 -a temperature

Deleting OWFS bus

To delete (undefine) OWFS bus, execute the command:

eva uc owfs destroy <ID>
# e.g.
eva uc owfs destroy local1

Note that controller doesn’t check if the port is in use or not, so double check this manually before deleting it.

Also note that some bus types lock system ow libraries and can not be recreated until Universal Controller process is restarted.